Nokia joins Ericsson as telecom giants leave Russia.

Nokia, whose telecommunications equipment plays a key role in providing internet and communications in Russia, said on Tuesday that it was leaving the country due to the invasion of Ukraine.

The company had already stopped deliveries, stopped new companies and started relocating research and development work from Russia because of the war. Nokia, based in Finland, has been a leading manufacturer of telecommunications equipment used by Russian companies to provide Internet and wireless services.

Word of the departure follows a similar announcement on Monday by Ericsson, a Swedish rival. The departure could cause difficulties as Russia seeks to expand and maintain its telecommunications networks, which are built with equipment from the two companies.

Last month, The New York Times reported on the role of Nokia in enabling its wireless networks to connect to a huge government surveillance device used by the Russian intelligence service. Documents showed that the company knew how its technology was used as part of the surveillance network, which has been criticized by human rights groups and European courts.

Nokia denies abuse.

On Tuesday, Nokia said it was concerned about the weakening of Internet access within Russia as independent sources of information became more difficult to find in the country. Nokia said it is applying for licenses that comply with Western sanctions to provide maintenance for existing networks.

The largest telecom rival of the two Nordic companies, the Chinese giant Huawei, has not said whether it will continue to operate in Russia. In recent years, rejected by the United States, it has invested resources in research and development there.

Huawei will win much of the market after the departure of Ericsson and Nokia, but analysts have warned that new sanctions on Russia could limit its ability to work in the country.

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